Research Log # 3: Inquisition and Socity in Spain in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries by: Henry Kamen

Research Log Questions

What did you find?

A part of this book that really caught my attention was a chapter that was all about the Inquisition through a political scope. He talks a lot about how the inquisition itself was not just a religious body, but also a secular one.

Why does it matter?

The fact that he talks about the Inquisition as a part of both of these worlds in important because it shows how that the Inquisition may not have been completely under the thumb of the royal power. The fact that the Inquisition would probably have been influenced by both worlds could have made them act in different ways. It probably also would have caused tensions between the Church itself and those in power because each would have wanted the Inquisition under their power.

How did you get there?

I found the book, by using the UMW Library's online catalog. I search for "Inquisition" and "Spanish Inquisition".

Did it lead you anywhere? If so, where?

This information led me to read more about the Early Modern Period in general, to find more out about the people who ruled Spain during the Inquisition.

Research Log # 2 The Spanish Inquisition by: Joseph Perez; Translated by: Janet Lloyd

Research Log Questions

What did you find?

This author reaffirms the conclusion from the first book I read through, that this particular inquisition was started to deal with the population of Conversos. Also this book focuses a great deal on the royal powers that controlled the Spanish Inquisition.

Why does it matter?

The fact that the royal powers were in control of the Inquisition is very important. This fact is important because the inquisition could be used to benefit the crown, instead of the church. The royal powers controlling the Inquisition has further importance because this fact makes this inquisition different fro every other inquisition before it. Before this inquisition the crown would support the church in its decisions within an inquisition. In Spain, this was not the case. The crown appointed inquisitors. This made the inquisition just like any other council that reported to he crown, such as a council that deals with finance.

How did you get there?

I used the UMW Library's online catalog to find the book. I search for "Inquisition" and "Spanish Inquisition".

Did it lead you anywhere? If so, where?

The information about the royal powers controlling this inquisition led me to look for books that talked about the inquisitions that happened before this one, to how it compares in other ways.

Research Log 5

Research Log Questions

What did you find?

I found The Southern Lady: From Pedestal to Politics 1830-1930 by Anne Firor Scott.

Why does it matter?

Scott's goals include describing the ideal southern womanhood, the effect of the ideal on women, the reality of southern women's lives, and the ways in which the women pursued self-determinism. She also wants to do historical justice to women. She argues that the social roles of women were particularly confined in the South and women's "efforts to free themselves were more complex than those of women elsewhere" (xi). She also asserts that regional and ethnic variations did not prevent the formation of an ideal southern womanhood. Scott relies primarily on the extensive writings of upper-class women.

How did you get there?

I found this scholarly work at Simpson Library.

Did it lead you anywhere? If so, where?

This source is an early work of southern women's studies. It was published in 1970 and it highlights the lack of scholarship in the field.

Research Log 4

Research Log Questions

What did you find?

I found Scarlett Doesn't Live Here Anymore: Southern Women in the Civil War Era by Laura F. Edwards.

Why does it matter?

Edwards's goals are to compile scholarship written on southern women since 1985 and show how the inclusion of southern women changes our understanding of the Civil War and Reconstruction. She states that it is necessary to study the home front because women struggles as much as men to uphold southern social hierarchy. She tries to cover all races and classes of southern women, but has the greatest number of sources on elite women. Additionally, Edwards primarily focuses on the Deep South.

How did you get there?

I found this monograph in Simpson Library.

Did it lead you anywhere? If so, where?

Edwards believes that few women were belles as well as few women were ardent supporters of the Confederacy. This contradicts other scholarship in the field of southern women's studies. Her work primarily serves as an impetus for further study.

Research Log 3

Research Log Questions

What did you find?

I found Confederate Daughters: Coming of Age during the Civil War by Victoria E. Ott.

Why does it matter?

Like Roberts, Ott also believes in the importance of using age as a lens to understand how young, elite women saw the Confederate cause. Ott also emphasizes that the war caused the young women to be angry and frustrated because they had to quickly mature. According to Ott, the young women understood the ties between slavery and their economic and social status and embraced the ideals that reinforced their status. Born during the 1840s, these young women grew up during the height of the debate over slavery and romanticized the Old South of their mothers' youths. They saw the Civil War as a threat to their way of life and their ability to meet the standards of southern, slave-holding womanhood. Ott poses the following questions ans seeks to answer them through the study of eighty-five young women's written records. What would the young women have gained through Confederate victory and what would they have lost in its defeat? How did they understand their role in the Confederacy? How did they define their roles based on rhetorical ideals and wartime reality? Did their support for the war wane? How did they participate in the creation of Confederate memory? How did they view the New South? Additionally, Ott bases her studies on the theories of William Tuttle and Rebecca Klatch. Ott believes that shared characteristics of age, gender, regional identity, socioeconomic class, and investment in honor created a generational identity. She also relies on census data and the narratives of the women. She concludes that the women promoted antebellum racial and gender ideologies after the war ended.

How did you get there?

I found this work at Simpson Library.

Did it lead you anywhere? If so, where?

Ott asserts that young Confederate women clung to southern gender standards and the system of slavery. Does this assertion hold true for Lucy Buck?

Research Log 2

Research Log Questions

What did you find?

I found The Confederate Belle by Giselle Roberts.

Why does it matter?

Roberts stresses the failure of historians to use age as a category of analysis when studying Confederate women. The purpose of this work is to study the wartime experiences of young, elite women in the "planter ideology" driven societies of Mississippi and Louisiana. She argues that Confederate women continued to embrace antebellum ideals not only because of the privilege granted to them by race, class, and gender, but also because of standards set forth by southern honor. A southern woman upheld her honor by being pious, submissive, pure, and domestic. She reinforced her status by her physical appearances, social relationships, familial roles, and accomplishments. Roberts asserts that young Confederate women experienced the war differently than older women because they did not manage the households, were less interested in politics, employed unique coping strategies, and they understood Union occupation to be an assault against their honor and status. The young women were caught between antebellum ideals, patriotic femininity, and wartime reality.

How did you get there?

I located this monograph at Simpson Library.

Did it lead you anywhere? If so, where?

Roberts emphasizes the lack of scholarship on the importance of honor on the socialization of southern women as well as the women's embrasure of honor during the war. She asserts that historians should study roles and contributions of young Confederate women who acted to uphold their family's honor.

Research Log 1

Research Log Questions

What did you find?

I found "'Her Own Sense of Right': Civil War Rhetoric and Southern Women" by J. Matthew Ward.

Why does it matter?

This analysis of the rhetoric of southern women during the Civil War is important because it provides insight into using language to learn about the women's understandings and acceptance of changing gender roles. Some women used patriotic rhetoric to justify expanding gender roles like nursing while the language of others show their ambivalence or resistance to changing standards.

How did you get there?

I found this scholarly journal article when I searched EBSCOhost for Confederate women's narratives.

Did it lead you anywhere? If so, where?

This article uses the diaries of Elizabeth Brown and Kate Cumming as examples. I could use these diaries as a contrast to Lucy Buck's diary if I chose to. More importantly, the article also references several other scholarly works on gender in the South during the Civil War: Drew Gilpin Faust's Mother's of Invention: Women of the Slaveholding South in the American Civil War, Kimberly Harrison's "Rhetorical Rehearsals: The Construction of Ethos in Confederate Women's Civil War Diaries," and Cheryl Wells' "Battle Time: Gender, Modernity, and Confederate Hospitals."

Research Log # 1 The Spanish Inquisition by: Helen Rawlings

Research Log Questions

What did you find?

According to this book, the Inquisition was not as blood thirsty as most people believe. The book contains a table entitled "Categories of crime and numbers of accused dealt with by the Spanish Inquisition, 1540 - 1700". (pg.13) The years of the Inquisition can be separated into four different sets of years, the first of which being the most violent. Also according to this book the Inquisition in Spain was first started in order to deal with the population of Conversos.

Why does it matter?

All three of these points are very important. The idea that the Spanish Inquisition is so violent is one that seems to be a common thought about this time period. The separating of the years of the Inquisition is important because the first few years of the Inquisition is the time period that all of the primary sources that I read took place. This period is also the most violent according to the book, which could account for the tortures that I read about in my primary sources. The fact that the Inquisition was originally started in order to deal with the Conversos and the Jewish practices that they may have continued to do is important because it shows why these people would have been targeted so often in the beginning of the Inquisition and not as much in the later years of the Inquisition.

How did you get there?

I used the UMW Library's online catalog to find this book. I did a general search for "Inquisition" and "Spanish Inquisition".

Did it lead you anywhere? If so, where?

Seeing the chart with all of the numbers of the different types of heresy that people where accused of, makes me want to go look through the other books that I have and see if they have any sort of charts that I can directly compare to this one. I also want to look into the start of the Inquisition more, especially with who was in power of the Inquisition, as it was its own entity. The changes of power within the organization itself can tell me more about the goals that they were trying to accomplish.